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Sighisoara

Sighisoara

Sighisoara is, by excellence, one of the most important turist centres in Romania, in which the German, Hungarian and Romanian cultures have crossed paths in order to shape a cosmopolitan center. Having become the second town as importance after Sibiu, the former capital of the Transylvanian Saxon area – Siebenbürgen, Sighisoara waa appointed  in 1999, during the meeting held in Rabat, Morocco, an attraction point on the World Heritage List of UNESCO, through its urban citadel, one of the few still inhabited places in this part of the old continent.

Its location in the center of the country, in a hilly area of the Tarnava Mare Valley, similar to a natural amphitheatre crossed by waters, turned it into a inhabited territory even since the Paleolithic. Archaeological findings at the outskirts of the town, identify the presence of settlements of type Petresti and Cotofeni. The name of the town itself was given to a specific culture in the area, dating back to the Middle Bronze Age, that is the Sighisoara-Wietenberg culture, whose remains were identified in the north-western part, on the right bank of the Tarnava Mare river.

Firstly inhabited by Székelys, the avant-garde of the Hungarian Royal Army in the Middle Ages, who built a fortified citadel on the Citadel  Hill, for a better survaillance of the marshland in those times, the territory was afterwards colonized by Germans, later generically called Saxons (Romanian sasi). Coming from a more developed area, in which cities already existed, these took over the administrative organization of the Székelys, and adapted it to the Western standards.

After the Mongol invasion in 1241, the settlement developed, evolving gradually from rural to urban. Thus, Sighisoara, who was first documented in 1280, turned into a “Burg”, becoming an important craft center. The development of the economic power implicitly led to the development of the fortified citadel. Thus, in the late fourteenth century, the enclosure wall, built up to 8-10 meters high, was 930 meters long, reinforced with 15 defence towers, 5 bulwarks and two barchans that protected the main entrances. Guilds were entrusted with the maintenance and defence of the towers and parts of the walls thereof. The fortification, which had in the center the Citadel (playing both military and administrative roles), was extended at the base of the hill with the Downtown (playing economic role), thus forming one single unit.

Unfavourbale circumstances of those more than 600 years of history of the settlement, had reshaped the architectural landscape of the Old Town, so that nowadays, only 9 towers, 2 bulwarks and parts of the enclosure wall are still well-preserved.

However, a few years ago, archaeological findings revealed traces of a fortified Dacian citadel, with an oval shape, dating back to the year 1000 BC. Besides the pottery, gold jewelry have been discovered near the Clock Tower dating from that period, which prove that Dacians were great craftsmen of this precious metal.

If you want to discover Sighisoara. We can organize for you trips and unique experiences:

– visiting the Medieval Citadel of Sighisoara, accompanied by the Guards of the Citadel and having as guide the Citadel Drummer, when you can also taste BinderBubi plum brandy on the hotel terrace on the way back to the hotel;

– visiting the Sighisoara History Museum, the weapons room and the torture chamber.

– visiting  the Orthodox Cathedral, the Catholic Church, the Lepers´Church, the Synagogue;

BinderBubi hotel provides you also with the calendar of cultural events in Sighisoara and Targu Mures, as well as the programm of the cinemas from these towns.

The surroundings of Sighisoara

Sighisoara surroundings are no less rich in history, traditions and spectacular scenery. Thus, we would like to suggest the following routes:

– One day trip to Saschiz, Viscri and Crit, having as sights the Clock Tower, the Evangelical Church, the Village Fortress (Saschiz); the Fortified Church (Viscri), the Evangelical Church (Crit);

ADEPT Foundation organizes different activities at Saschiz: various trips, picnic with local products, visits to artisans and local producers, visit to a local beekeeper, visit to a sheepfold, rides by horse and waggon to Cloasterf, various walks in nature, cycling.

– One day trip to Cris, Biertan and Malancrav, having as turistic sights the Bethlen  estate (Cris), the Fortified Church (Biertan), the Apafi Mansion and the ecological apple juice factory (Malancrav).

– Trip to Praid in order to visit the Praid salt mine, and during the winter season you can practice winter sports on the Bucin slopes.

For those who are keen on fishing, we provide information about the places from the Sighisoara area, where this sport can be practiced.

Other facilities we can offer:

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